Speech-Language Therapy Questions & Answers



Questions & Answers


What is communication?

Communication refers to all the different ways we give and receive messages. It can involve facial expressions, gestures, sounds, speech, language, body language, pictures, sign language, and so on.


What is a speech disorder?

A child with a speech disorder has trouble with how sounds are made or how they sound.

What is a language disorder?

A child with a language disorder has difficulty understanding or putting words together to express ideas.

What is a voice disorder?

A child with a voice disorder may have inappropriate pitch, loudness or quality (hoarseness) or total voice loss.


What is stuttering?

A child is stuttering when there is a disruption in the normal flow and rhythm of their speech.


Should I wait until my child is at school to get help?

If you think your child is having problems developing speech and language skills, it is important to get help right away. Please look at milestones related to your child’s .

Early intervention can:

  • Improve your child’s readiness for school
  • Improve your child’s self-esteem and confidence
  • Prevent problems from getting worse
  • Help your child get along with others
  • Decrease frustration
  • Reduce behaviour problems


Can a smart child have speech and language problems?

Yes. Speech and language problems are not directly related to a child’s intelligence level. Children of all ages and intellectual abilities may develop communication problems.

If my child is having trouble with speech and language should I stop using our first language at home?

No. Learning more than one language can be good for a child’s overall language and learning abilities at school. A child raised with more than one language will possibly:

  • Develop a larger vocabulary
  • Have a better understanding of how words sound and rhyme, an important skill for reading and writing


Is there a best way to teach two languages?

Several equally valid ways can be considered:

  • A child can learn two languages right from birth where both parents use a lot of both languages in all daily situations.
  • A child can learn the heritage language at home and then English at day-care or preschool.
  • The “one person – one language approach” can be used where each person speaks a different language with the child.
  • Children learn language best from people who are fluent in that language, so parents are encouraged to use the language that feels most comfortable. This way, the children will be exposed to a richer variety of words and well-formed sentences